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Contents:
  1. 1 Filiae Magistri: Peter Lombard’s Sentences and Medieval Theological Education “On the Ground”
  2. Peter Lombard's career
  3. Peter Lombard | SpringerLink

In contrast, Peter had no relatives, ecclesiastical connections, and no political patrons in France. It seems that he must have been invited by the canons of Notre Dame solely for his academic merit. He became a subdeacon in Peter was among the signers of the act condemning Gilbert's teachings.

1 Filiae Magistri: Peter Lombard’s Sentences and Medieval Theological Education “On the Ground”

He was ordained priest some time before Walter of St Victor accused Peter of obtaining the office by simony. His reign as bishop was brief. Little can be ascertained about Lombard's administrative style or objectives because he left behind so few episcopal acta. Peter Lombard wrote commentaries on the Psalms and the Pauline epistles; however, his most famous work by far was Libri Quatuor Sententiarum , or the Four Books of Sentences , which became the standard textbook of theology at the medieval universities. Even the young Martin Luther still wrote glosses on the Sentences , and John Calvin quoted from it over times in his Institutes.

Though the Four Books of Sentences formed the framework upon which four centuries of scholastic interpretation of Christian dogma was based, rather than a dialectical work itself, the Four Books of Sentences is a compilation of biblical texts, together with relevant passages from the Church Fathers and many medieval thinkers, on virtually the entire field of Christian theology as it was understood at the time.

Peter Lombard's magnum opus stands squarely within the pre-scholastic exegesis of biblical passages, in the tradition of Anselm of Laon , who taught through quotations from authorities. Peter Lombard's most famous and most controversial doctrine in the Sentences was his identification of charity with the Holy Spirit in Book I, distinction According to this doctrine, when the Christian loves God and his neighbour, this love literally is God; he becomes divine and is taken up into the life of the Trinity.

This idea, in its inchoate form, can be extrapolated from certain remarks of St. Augustine of Hippo cf. De Trinitate xiii. Although this was never declared unorthodox, few theologians have been prepared to follow Peter Lombard in this aspect of his teaching.

Also in the Sentences was the doctrine that marriage was consensual and need not be consummated to be considered perfect, unlike Gratian 's analysis see sponsalia de futuro. Lombard's interpretation was later endorsed by Pope Alexander III , and had a significant impact on Church interpretation of marriage. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Irish archbishop, see Peter Lombard archbishop of Armagh.

Peter Lombard at work [1]. Aquinas , Scotus , and Ockham. Renaissance and Modern.

Adler G. Godfrey Tanner The Cultural Collections Unit: 2nd Edition. University of Newcastle, Australia. History of Latin Christianity: Vol. Chambers Lehrbuch der christlichen Dogmengeschichte. Werke: Vol. Coheleth; commonly called The Book of Ecclesiastes.

Peter Lombard's career

Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Catholic Church.


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He came into contact with Hugh of St. Victor and Peter Abelard, leading theologians of that era.


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Lombard wrote commentaries for classroom instruction that earned him respect among his peers. His earlier commentaries—called glosses—consisted of passages from the Psalms and the Pauline letters interspersed with extensive notes from medieval thinkers. As theological studies developed in the twelfth century, however, scholarly attention went beyond glosses to focus on theological method: how to identify the topics to be studied and how to organize them into a coherent whole; how to utilize reason in conjunction with biblical texts; and how to handle theological authorities especially when they conflict with one another.

While Lombard contributed little in original material, his most famous writing fulfilled the tasks necessary for systematic theology as a discipline. Drawing upon his vast knowledge of earlier theologians—from Augustine in the West and John of Damascus in the East—Lombard compiled his material into a coherent whole in his Four Books of Sentences. In constructing his Sentences , Lombard confronted a crucial decision. Would he follow the model of Hugh of St. Victor, who constructed a historically ordered theology consistent with the biblical narrative? Or would he venture into the new, speculative territory mapped out by Abelard?

Abelard, on the other hand, proved innovative, as indicated by his Sic et Non Yes and No , wherein he juxtaposed conflicting citations from the fathers, leaving the task of resolving the differences to the reader. The four books marked four divisions in his theology. Book I dealt with the Trinity—the unity of the Godhead, the distinction and equality of the three persons, and topics such as providence, predestination, and evil. Book II explored creation, including the origin of the universe, the existence of angels, the fall, and the effects of original sin.

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Peter Lombard | SpringerLink

Significantly, Lombard resolved inconsistencies among his sources. He repudiated some previous sources, and his schema proved compatible with biblical texts. Summations arrived at orthodox conclusions consistent with biblical content. The Sentences solidified Lombard as the leading theologian of his day. His system was the first to declare seven sacraments.