Manual Pests of fruit crops : a colour handbook

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  3. Pests of Fruit Crops | A Colour Handbook, Second Edition | Taylor & Francis Group
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Vegetable diseases : a color handbook by: Koike, Steven T. Published: Pests, diseases and disorders of peas and bean : a color handbook by: Biddle, Anthony J. Pests of fruit crops : a colour handbook by: Alford, D. Diseases of grape : their forecasting and control by: Borkar, S. Serangga perosak buah - buahan tropika Malaysia by: Ithnin Badri Published: The turf problem solver : case studies and solutions for enviromental, cultural and pest problems by: Turgeon, A.

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Contributed by v belov on 6 May, - pm. Clickable Guide. Academic Press. Bugguide is hosted by: Printer Friendly Version. In this context, our results suggest that detectability of potential pests is, to some extent, primer-dependant.

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Combining complementary primer sets is therefore critical to determining the full or widest taxonomic range of prey consumed by predators [ 54 , 78 ]. Finally, Lepidoptera and Diptera were the most diverse taxa of R. However, in contrast with prior research, we observed a high diversity of moth species. Among the lepidopteran species detected, we found mostly species belonging to the so-called group of micromoths or small-size moths. This finding confirms that R.

This research reveals the pest consumption of Rhinolophus hipposideros within vineyard agroecosystems, and consequently, points at the potential ecosystem service provided by the species in a modified agricultural landscape. Secondly, due to its putative contribution to crop production, this bat should be integrated into pest management practices, for example, promoting the establishment of new populations.

Looking forward, the application of organic farming practices [ 84 ], bat roosts protection initiatives and the construction of artificial roosts [ 85 ] will be essential steps to strengthen these bat populations. Further, in order to gain insight on the interaction of bats and pests, the variation of pest consumption should be investigated across the bat community and along the life cycle of pests sharing the agroecosystem.

Deciphering how bats respond to changes in pest communities is of particular importance not only to characterise the foraging behaviour of bats against pests, but also to manage the negative impacts of pests through consumption by insectivorous bats. Furthermore, we also thank Luke L.

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. PLoS One. Published online Jul David S. Jacobs, Editor. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Received Feb 8; Accepted Jun This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

S2 Fig: Lepidopteran families found in diet of R. S1 Table: PCR conditions used for the two primer sets. S2 Table: List of prey and non-prey species found in the faeces of R.

New Pest Threatens East Contra Costa County's Fruit Crops

Abstract Herbivorous arthropods cause immense damage in crop production annually. Introduction The increasingly tight regulation of chemical pesticide use in agriculture, the rapidly developed resistance by pests and the rising consumer awareness for sustainably produced crops [ 1 ] have stimulated growing attention on the importance of biological suppression as a pest management tool [ 2 , 3 ]. Material and methods Study area From late May to late September , we collected faeces in three maternity colonies of R. Faecal samples collection We placed stool-collecting nets under each colony two weeks before starting collecting faecal samples.

Determining the pest category We categorised pests found in bat diets based on crop diet, prevalence areas within or outside the Iberian Peninsula and according to the potential damage and economic impact they cause [ 46 , 48 , 60 — 63 ].

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Table 1 List of pest species identified in faeces of R. Species affecting grapevine are highlighted in bold. Open in a separate window. Fig 1. Presence of grapevine pests in faeces of the lesser horseshoe bat R. Discussion The 55 pest species consumed by R.


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Conclusions This research reveals the pest consumption of Rhinolophus hipposideros within vineyard agroecosystems, and consequently, points at the potential ecosystem service provided by the species in a modified agricultural landscape. DOCX Click here for additional data file.

S2 Fig Lepidopteran families found in diet of R. S1 Table PCR conditions used for the two primer sets. S2 Table List of prey and non-prey species found in the faeces of R.

XLSX Click here for additional data file. References 1.

Biological control using microorganisms as an alternative to disease resistance. Plant Pathogen Resistance Biotechnology. Economic value of biological control in integrated pest management of managed plant systems.

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Pests of Fruit Crops | A Colour Handbook, Second Edition | Taylor & Francis Group

Annual Review of Entomology. Arthropod pest management in organic crops. Oerke EC. Crop losses to pests. The Journal of Agricultural Science. Culliney TW. Crop losses to arthropods In Integrated Pest Management. Springer Dordrecht.

Pests of Fruit Crops: A Colour Handbook, Second Edition (Electronic book text)

Herbivory in global climate change research: direct effects of rising temperature on insect herbivores. Global Change Biology. Increase in crop losses to insect pests in a warming climate. Ecosystem services provided by bats. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. The need to quantify ecosystem services provided by birds. The auk. Novel perspectives on bat insectivory highlight the value of this ecosystem service in farmland: research frontiers and management implications.

Dietary energetics of the insectivorous Mexican free-tailed bat Tadarida brasiliensis during pregnancy and lactation. Fenton MB. Facts on file. Inc; New York: Energetics of pregnancy and lactation in free-ranging little brown bats Myotis lucifugus. Physiological Zoology. Trophic requirements beyond foraging habitats: The importance of prey source habitats in bat conservation. Biological Conservation. Crop pests eaten by bats in organic pecan orchards.

Crop Protection. Pest control service provided by bats in Mediterranean rice paddies: linking agroecosystems structure to ecological functions. Insect pest consumption by bats in macadamia orchards established by molecular diet analyses.

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Bats initiate vital agroecological interactions in corn. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Agriculture shapes the trophic niche of a bat preying on multiple pest arthropods across Europe: Evidence from DNA metabarcoding. Molecular Ecology. Bats track and exploit changes in insect pest populations. PloS One. Hierarchical patch choice by an insectivorous bat through prey availability components.